Monza is an Italian town of 123,983 inhabitants, the capital of the province of Monza and Brianza in Lombardy and the center of one of the most productive areas in Europe. It is known for the presence of the national racetrack, where the Italian Formula 1 Grand Prix is held.
The Royal Villa, also known as the Reggia di Monza, is one of the most important monuments of the city. The villa was built during the period of Austrian domination over the Duchy of Milan, as a symbol of the prestige and magnificence of the Habsburg court, commissioned by the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and dedicated to her fourth son, Archduke Ferdinando d ' Austria, who at that time resided in Milan as Governor of Lombardy and wanted a villa outside the city to spend the summer season there and to go hunting. The works began in 1777 under the guidance of Giuseppe Piermarini. It is composed of a central body and two wings that branch off at right angles. From the gardens of the Royal Villa it is possible to access the Monza Park on foot by reaching viale Cavriga or the cascina del Sole