Brescia is an Italian town of 195.102 inhabitants , capital of the homonymous province in Lombardy. It is the second largest municipality in the region by population, after Milan.
An ancient city whose origins date back to over 3 200 years ago, Brescia has a conspicuous artistic and architectural heritage: its monuments from the Roman and Lombard periods have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Active in the manufacturing, engineering, textile, chemical and food industries, it is one of the main economic-productive centers of Italy and is known for the famous Mille Miglia vintage car race and for the production of Franciacorta.
In 2017 Brescia and its province, together with those of Bergamo, Mantua and Cremona, were awarded as the European Region of Gastronomy under the name of Eastern Lombardy . Furthermore, the city of Brescia itself was chosen in 2020 as the Italian capital of culture for the year 2023 together with Bergamo, both of which are two of the areas most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
The city of Brescia is nicknamed "La Leonessa", originally for the value and attachment shown to the Venetian republic: in 1438, in this regard, the Venetian Senate itself proclaimed the city of Brescia "Lioness and worthy wife of the Lion", giving it the title of "Brixia Fidelis fidei et Iustitiae", a title proudly shown on the front of the Palazzo della Loggia.